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CONCEPT FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE POLICY ON DEVELOPMENT OF THE STATE BORDER FACILITIES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Approved by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 11 September 2008 No 1309-r

I. Introduction

The Concept for Implementation of State Policy in the Area of the Infrastructure Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation (further, “Concept") reveals the main problems, objectives, priority tasks and basic instruments of implementation of state policy in the area of the management of the State Border of the Russian Federation in the long term, as well as the implementation phases of the Concept and its expected results.
The Concept has been developed in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal laws and the other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation and also in accordance with the international agreements of the Russian Federation regulating activities in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation.
The Concept determines orientation of policy of the Russian Federation in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation with due account for provisions of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 01 April 1993 No 4730-1 “On the State Border of the Russian Federation”. of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 05 March 1992 No 2446-1 "On Security”, of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 17 December 1997 No 1300 “On Approving the Concept of National Security of the Russian Federation”, of the Concept of Cross border Co-operation in the Russian Federation approved by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 09 February 2001 No 196-r, of the Concept of Development of the Customs Bodies of the Russian Federation approved by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 14 December 2005 No 2225-r and of the other normative legal acts.
The Concept envisages application of the complex approach to the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation implemented at the expense of the funds stipulated by legislation of the Russian Federation.

II. The Main Problems in the Area of the Infrastructure Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation

The significant feature of the modern phase of the world economic development is the constant expansion of national markets, which entails a large-scale growth of cross border flows.
Under present-day conditions one of the priority tasks of state economic policy is the infrastructure development at the State Border of the Russian Federation, including check-points of passing across the State Border of the Russian Federation (further, "check-points”), as well as the other installations and facilities necessary for administering by the federal executive bodies of their powers in the area of protection of the State Border of the Russian Federation.
The Concept understands infrastructure development of the State Borders of the Russian Federation as the system of measurements aimed at arrangement of necessary conditions for the normal functioning of the infrastructure of the State Border of the Russian Federation.
The main problems of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation are as follows:
- imperfection of normative legal regulation;
- low level of development and maintenance of the infrastructure at the State Borders of the Russian Federation, as well as insufficient rates of its modernization;
- incompliance of the existing system of the check-points with state needs resulting from the rates of social and economic development of the Russian Federation;
- lack of proper regulation of property rights issues in relation to the real property facilities constituting the infrastructure at the State Border of the Russian Federation.

III. Objectives, Principles and Tasks of State Policy in the Area of the Infrastructure Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation

The objectives of state policy in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation are increase of the level of the state border security of the Russian Federation, reliable guard of the State Border of the Russian Federation, as well as formation of favourable conditions for carrying out foreign economic activity and for cross border cooperation.
The main principles of state policy of the Russian Federation in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation are as follows:
- complex approach to implementation of state policy in this area;
- taking into consideration of the character and degree of appearing threats to the interests of the Russian Federation;
- accounting of current and prospective state needs, based on the analysis results of political, economic, social, demographic processes developing in the Russian Federation and in neighbouring countries;
- differential approach to the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation (approach to the infrastructure development of its concrete sector proceeding from the specific character of regional development of cross border territories, from the development of neighbouring territories and from the safety requirements particularly based on the analysis of intensive cross border movement of foreign trade cargos and passenger flows);
The objectives of state policy in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation are reached by means of deciding the following tasks:
- development of material and technical basis, including project engineering, construction, reconstruction, equipping and installation of buildings, premises, facilities, transport and engineering infrastructures, information and telecommunication systems necessary for organization of control at the check-points and for protection of the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- formation of necessary conditions for exercising the border control, customs control and the other kinds of control at the check-points, including establishment of regimen rules at the check-points;
- increase of efficiency of inter-institutional cooperation including provision of technical support of information exchange in the process of interaction between the federal executive bodies on the issues of guarding the State Borders of Russian Federation, as well as in the process of the border control, customs control and the other kinds of control executed at the check-points;
- structural optimization of the Federal budget expenses allocated to the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- development and introduction of modern standards of infrastructure development and functioning of the check-points;
- improvement of legal and regulatory framework;
- transition to the complex infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation with due account for social and economic priorities of regional development and cross border cooperation;
- development of international cooperation.

IV. Measures on Implementation of the Concept

For the purpose of deciding the tasks on the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation the plan of measures on implementation of the Concept is developed. This plan provides for, as follows:
- introduction of amendments to the normative legal acts of the Russian Federation with respect to specification of the powers of the  Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation in the established sphere of activities;
- determination of prospective places of location and infrastructure development of the check-points;
- implementation of the pilot projects on construction of the check-points pursuant to the modern standards which constitute the ground for development and application of the unified requirements for designing, construction, reconstruction, equipping and installation of buildings, premises and facilities necessary for organization of the border control, customs control and the other kinds of control exercised at the check-points, as well as for application of the procedure of definition of limits of the check-points and of the procedure of requisitioning of land plots, buildings, premises and facilities located within the bounder territory of the Russian Federation for the Federal state needs in the order established by legislation of the Russian Federation;
- proper regulation of property relations concerning the real property facilities constituting the infrastructure at the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- development and improvement of the standard requirements for equipping and installation of buildings, premises and facilities necessary for organization of the border control, customs control and the other kinds of control executed at the check-points with due account for kinds of international transport;
- designing, construction (reconstruction), maintenance and engineering infrastructure development of the check-points and the state border infrastructure facilities at the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- supporting of coordination of the activities of federal executive bodies exercising control at the check-points, by means of inter-institution integrated automatic information system;
- carrying out of international measures on the issues of  the infrastructure development of state borders (participation in the activity of Intergovernmental Commissions, their sub-commissions, committees and working parties, as well as organization and/or participation in international conferences, seminars, forums, internships; holding consultations with competent bodies of neighbouring states on settlement of  problematic issues);
- preparation of the drafts of international agreements of the Russian Federation for the purpose of implementation of the projects on optimization of functioning of the check-points.

V. Mechanism of Realization of the State Policy in the Area of the Infrastructure Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation

The tasks in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation are envisaged to be implemented by means of taking normative legal, financial and organizational measures which include:
- improvement of normative legal base in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- determination of the prospective trends of policy in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation for a long-time period and the main principles and priorities of arrangement of the check-points;
- introduction of modifications in the Federal Special-Purpose Program "The State Border of the Russian Federation (2003 – 2010)”;
- development of the Federal Special-Purpose Program in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation for 2011- 2016;
- development of the scheme of spatial location of the state border infrastructure facilities and the check-points;
- formation, arrangement and organization of activity of territorial bodies of the Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation and its lower organizations;
- supporting of activities (functioning) of the check-points.

VI. Implementation Phases of the Concept

The Concept is envisaged to be implemented in two phases.
During the first phase of implementation of the Concept (2008 – 2010) the following measures are supposed to be taken:
- introduction of modifications in the normative legal acts of the Russian Federation on the issues of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation, including the Federal Special-Purpose Program "The State Border of the Russian Federation (2003 – 2010)”;
- introduction of modifications in the Federal Special-Purpose Program "The State Border of the Russian Federation (2003 – 2010)”;
- development of the Federal Special-Purpose Program in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation for 2011- 2016;
- formation, arrangement and organization of activity of territorial bodies of the Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation and its lower organizations;
- supporting of activities (functioning) of the check-points;
The main tasks of implementation of the Concept during this phase are as follows:
- implementation of the pilot projects on the infrastructure development of the check-points and the other infrastructure facilities at the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- development and introduction of the standard requirements for construction, reconstruction, equipping and installation of buildings, premises, facilities, transport and engineering infrastructure, information and telecommunication systems necessary for organization of control at the check-points;

- Designing, construction, reconstruction, equipping and installation of the check-points and the other infrastructure facilities at the State Border of the Russian Federation, envisaged by the Federal Special-Purpose Program "The State Border of the Russian Federation (2003 – 2010)”, with due account for modern requirements for the guard of the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- organization of activity on definition of the territory limits of the check-points;
- registration of property rights for existing and constructing real property facilities of the infrastructure at the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- adoption of the legal act of the Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation on establishment of regiment at the check-points;
- organization and introduction of the passports of the check-points;
During the second phase of implementation of the Concept (2011 – 2016) the following measures are supposed to be taken:
- improvement of normative legal base in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- development of the Federal Special-Purpose Program in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation for 2011- 2016;
- development of activity of territorial bodies of the Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation and its lower organizations;
- designing, construction, reconstruction, equipping and installation of the check-points and the other infrastructure facilities at the State Border of the Russian Federation within the frameworks of Federal Special-Purpose Program in the area of the infrastructure development of the State Border of the Russian Federation for 2011- 2016;
- registration of property rights for existing and constructing real property facilities of the infrastructure at the State Border of the Russian Federation;
- supporting of activities (functioning) of the check-points;
- improvement of cooperation with competent authorities of foreign states.

VII. Expected Results

In the course of implementation of the Concept the following results are expected to be reached:
- taking of effective countermeasures against the threats to the interests of the Russian Federation by means of increase of the infrastructure development level of the State Border of the Russian Federation and introduction of modern technical means;
- growth of foreign trade turnover, international tourism and development of cross border territories by means of:
- shortage of the time of the procedure of passing across the State Border of the Russian Federation by the persons and transport means and of carrying across the State Border of cargos, goods and animals;
- shortage of financial losses during the procedure of passing across the State Border of the Russian Federation by the persons and transport means and of carrying across the State Border of cargos, goods and animals;

- optimization of the costs for the infrastructure development of the check-points;
- increase of  through-flow rate of the check-points in accordance with existing and prospective demands of economic development of the Russian Federation;
- creation of the favourable conditions for social and economic development of the border territories of the Russian Federation.