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The Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border Facilities of the Russian Federation (Rosgranitsa)
The Agency was created by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation № 1359 issued on October, 11th, 2007.
Rosgranitsa is responsible for developing and realizing the state policy, legal regulation, managing the state property and functions of a federal public contracting authority, rendering of the state services in the area of arrangement of the border crossing checkpoints of the Russian Federation.
The Agency establishes, creates, develops and maintains of border-crossing checkpoints at the state border of the Russian Federation and places of its crossing.
The Government of the Russian Federation directs the activity of Rosgranitsa, which caring out the activity directly and through territorial bodies and subordinated organizations.
According to the Concept of the State policy on arrangement of the State border (approved by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation from September, 11th, 2008 № 1309-r) the fundamental principles of the state policy in the given area are:
Territorial administration of Rosgranitsa
Rosgranitsa established uniform regional management system. It created the network of territorial administrations and subordinated organization and also of the uniform centralized management system of checkpoints at the State border of the Russian Federation began in 2008.
Agency’s Territorial bodies act as territorial administrations in each federal district of the Russian Federation, and also in the Kaliningrad region.
Territorial administration is a state body and is subordinated to the Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border Facilities of the Russian Federation. The administration provides interaction of Rosgranitsa with regional public authorities of the Russian Federation and carries out certain powers assigned on Rosgranitsa, realizes certain tasks and functions of Rosgranitsa established by legislative and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation. The administration can have departments in subjects of the Russian Federation.
The Agency’s legal base
On Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border Facilities of the Russian Federation, Regulation on 01 November 2007 No 734
Rules of establishment, opening, functioning (maintenance) reconstruction and shutting-down of the check-points of passing across the state border of the Russian Federation, Regulation on 26 June 2008 No 482
Concept for implementation of state policy on development of the state border facilities of the Russian Federation
On kinds of control exercised at the border-crossing checkpoints for passing across the state border of the Russian Federation,Regulation on 16 February 2008 № 94